"Politics" is an essay written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is part of his Essays: Second Series, published in 1844. A premier philosopher, poet and leader of American transcendentalism, he used this essay to belie his feelings on government, specifically American government. His impact on New England thought and his views on pragmatism influenced the likes of Henry David Thoreau, Orestes Brownson, and Frederich Nietzsche, among others.
Although not viewed as his most important essay in the second series, Emerson’s views on politics championed democracy and individualism, two ideas that are viewed today as undoubtedly American. By 1844, Emerson, then 41, had moved into a pragmatic balance of skepticism and idealism, happily providing him with “a way to dream as well as a way to live”. A quintessential American voice, Emerson believed that civilization was only beginning and could reach unfathomable places through moral force and creative intelligence. This alone is not a reason to blindly follow the footsteps before us. Remember, he says, “The law is only a memorandum.” This gives rise to the most popular quote in this essay: “The less government we have the better.”
Emerson believed that an ideal government, aside from a nonexistent one dissolved when improvements in human character through love and wisdom could abolish the state, was one that advocated for the growth of the individual, and be able to protect one’s individual rights. The individual would only be ready for democracy when they had become completely independent and self-reliant. Then the abolishment of government could be achieved. The intelligence needed from each individual would triumph over business interests and politics, because the mind is the richest asset you can have.
Emerson also questioned property rights in Politics, noting that they are built not on democracy, but instead on owning. Believing that “property will always follow persons," Emerson believed personal rights were much more important than property rights.
Emerson’s overwhelming faith in the individual is completely opposite to his views on nations: “Every actual state is corrupt.” Political parties are “made out of necessity” of the time period and not out of any underlying theory. Emerson is very critical of both major parties in his essay. “From neither party, when in power, has the world any benefit to expect in science, art or humanity, at all commensurate with the resources of the nation.” Neither party is satisfactory for Emerson, and his essay he hints at the natural inequality this system adheres to, and its effects. Party politics are not the only organization Emerson has his eye on in his essay, however. Emerson also distrusts the pulpit and the press because they are conventional roles that require organizational persuasion.
- ^Spiller, Robert E., J. Lyndon Shanley, Floyd Stovall, Leon Howard. Four Makers of the American Mind: Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, and Melville. Durham, S.C. Duke University Press, 1976: 19.
- ^Beard, Charles A. and Mary R. The American Spirit: A Study of the Idea of Civilization in the United States. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1942: 188-89.
- ^Padover, Saul K. The Genius of America: Men Whose Ideas Shaped Our Civilization. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1960. 191-93.
- ^ abLeverenz, David. "The Politics of Emerson’s Man-Making Words2. PLMA, Vol. 101, No. 1 (January 1986), 38-56.
- ^Arnold, Samuel. Discourses in America. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1906: 169.
What is a political essay? A political is just as the name suggests an essay based on politics or a political situation. Completing a political essay is impossible without the proper research to fully understand your subject. First, you should study the primary texts, to analyze its contents. You may take advantage of using reliable Internet sources, with available government reports and political parties' news. Scan through reputable newspapers and magazines to compile relevant data for your political essay.
Having a precisely selected topic of your political essay ensures its efficiency and effectiveness. Make the compass of your writing specific and goal oriented. Your paper should answer the implicit questions - "how" and "why", as it is an analytical work.
When you are presenting your political essay topic in the introduction, make it specific and informative. The reader should understand from your words that your topic is worth investigating. You can defend your subject stressing its political importance and your own preferences. Keep in mind that you can't guess the political views of the reader. That is why you have to get the reader interested and enthusiastic about what you are writing with your words and original arguments. Writing the introductory section you should ask yourself: "How will my essay contribute to existing facts?"
Each paragraph of the body includes the main point, the so-called topic sentence. You support your topic sentence with examples or specification or both. The transitions from one paragraph to the next must be smooth and logical. Sometimes you may remind the reader what the major point of your political essay is.
The final conclusion aims at summarizing the main argument and emphasizing its importance. Though you may consider going beyond the debated issue and leave the reader with a more challenging question to think over.
Follow the style of political essays. It suggests: minimal use of Passive Voice and avoiding redundant phrases, trendy words, cliches.
We want to remind you that social scientists often apply terms not covered by common dictionaries. Sometimes the same term can convey quite different meanings to different political groups. Be careful and accurate using political terms in your essay. One more thing you should remember is to choose precise and cautious stereotype words. They can encompass racist terminology, ethnicity terms, gender words, and occupational terms. Stay away from words with discriminatory connotation in your political essay. Give preference to using gender-neutral language. Your essay may be enriched with statistics and you will want to use tables, charts and figures. In this case you should not fail to interpret them in your political essay.
Occasionally you will support your argument with someone else's words. Be sure to mention the source of the information you are presenting. If you are still confused and are unsure how to write a political essay and need the help of a professional essay writerClick here.