The Middle East Conflict Essay
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The Middle East Conflict
The country previously known as Palestine but now as Israel has sparked major military and political confrontations between Arabs and Israelis during the 20th century in the Middle East.
The area, which both groups of people claim is rightly their homeland is smaller then Britain, surrounded on the West by the Mediterranean Sea and on the other sides by neighbouring Arab countries.
The Israeli's believe it is rightly their homeland because they originally inhabited it, but the Romans took control of the area in 63Ad. After two rebellions failed, the Jews were expelled from Jerusalem and most travelled into Judea. The Jews were no longer a majority in Palestine.…show more content…
This shows that ideas even between the same people are divided on the issue. However within Israel/Palestine is the city of Jerusalem the birthplace of the three major religions-Christianity, Judaism and Islam. For this reason both the Arabs and the Jews claim that the land is theirs because it contains a place of religious importance.
Both the Jews and Arabs have equally significant claims to the land of Israel/Palestine.
During the time when the Arabs lived in the land, Israelis were dispersed across the world. The majority lived in Europe or North America, but the Jews were persecuted in Europe. Germany, Russia, Austria, and France were countries that all shared anti-Semitic views during the 19th century. Many times Jews were forced to leave a country they had settled in. In 1933 the dictator Adolf Hitler started his Nazi regime in Germany, which reflected his deeply anti-Semitic views. During the 2nd World War (1939-1945) Hitler put into practise his ideas, which lead to the extermination of millions of Jews in the 'Holocaust'. The few survivors of the 'Holocaust' believed that they were chosen by God to set up a state of Israel where they could not be persecuted, and they began to support Zionism. Zionism was an idea founded by Theodor Herzl, that the Jews should retake the
Middle East Conflict Essay
There is no set definition for the area known as the Middle East since shifts in global power over the years have affected the topography. Now, however, the region can expansively be said to contain “the area from Libya E to Afghanistan, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian peninsula” (dictionary.com). This geographical definition can be said to contain both the ‘Near East’, ‘Middle East’, and even farther to the East and into Africa be described as the ‘Greater Middle East’, so the Middle East can only be loosely defined, and it is important to know that these countries are separate and do not truly form one cooperative unit.
It is believed that the area was where human civilization first started with the Sumerians in the Fertile Crescent, or Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, namely modern day Iraq. Ten thousand years have passed since, and the area has seen much conflict, but the many invasions by great civilizations, such as the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, and Roman empires, have made the Middle East into the ethnically, racially, linguistically, culturally, and politically diverse culture that it is today.
The last of these huge empires was the Ottoman, only broken up around 1920, during World War I, which was a critical time in the history of the modern Arab world. This was when Great Britain really started to delve into Arabic affairs, which is actually where the name Middle East comes from; “The term's origins are seeped in controversy for having originally been a European imposition of geographic perspective according to European spheres of influence. East from where? From London. Why ‘Middle’? Because it was half-way between the United Kingdom and India, the Far East” (middleeast.about.com). In November of 1914, the Ottoman Empire neglected their neutrality, as the United States was to do later, and declared a jihad (holy war) against the Triple Entente. This resulted in an attack of the Suez Canal in February of 1915 which ended in failure; however it changed many things that could have happened in the war, such as forcing Britain to change its military stratagems.
From 1915 to 1920, the Ottoman Empire’s war against Great Britain was mainly unsuccessful, resulting in a Triple Entente army conquering the city of Jerusalem on December 11th, 1917 (BBC). Since it was mainly the British army which was fighting in the area, and the other two powers were out of...
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